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侯小琳

2019-05-23  核学院

职称:教授,博士生导师
所在研究所:放射化学与核环境研究所
通讯地址:甘肃省兰州市天水南路222号,兰州大学核科学与技术学院,730000
e-mail houxl@lzu.edu.cn
研究方向
1) 129 I地球环境示踪研究
2) 地质、环境和生物样品中超微量129I及其化学形态的分析
3) 环境放射性核素自动分析方法及其核素形态分析研究
4) 环境放射性和放射性生态研究
5) 核设施退役废物表征研究和应用
6) 核分析和放射分析方法学研究
7) 核燃料循环研究
8) 放射性核素和稳定同位素的地球化学示踪研究;
9) 放射性示踪研究蛋白质在生物材料表面吸附机理
主要学习,工作经历:
1984.09-1988.07     西北大学物理化学专业获理学学士学位;
1988.09-1991.07     中国原子能科学研究院核化学化工专业获工学硕士学位;
1995.03-1997.12     中国科学院高能物理研究所核分析技术专业获理学博士学位;
1998.03-2001.02     丹麦里瑟国家实验室,从事博士后研究;
2001.03-2003.11      丹麦里瑟国家实验室,任副研究员;
2003.12-2013.04      丹麦技术大学里瑟国家实验室,任研究员、博士生导师;
2009.01-2018.05      中国科学院地球环境研究所,任研究员;
2013.05至今           丹麦技术大学核技术研究中心,任教授、博士生导师;
2018.05至今         兰州大学核科学与技术学院,教授、博士生导师
学术兼职:
1) 国务院侨办科技教育咨询委员会委员, 2017国际原子能机构, 特聘专家;
2) 国际核化学学会, 常务理事
3) 欧洲化学与分子科学联合会放射化学学会, 理事;
4) 中国核化学与放射化学学会, 理事 (1997-2003)
5) 教育部“长江学者”评审委员会评审专家;
6) 西安交通大学核科学技术学院兼职教授
7) 华东师范大学河口与海岸国家重点实验室客座教授;
8) Journal of Environmental Radioacticity, 副主编;
9) Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 副主编;
10) International Journal of Analytical Chemsitry, 编委;
11) World Journal of Nuclear Sciences and Technology, 编委。
主编/参编教材:
1) Hou X.L. Cyclic activation analysis, In: Encyclopedia of Analtical Chemistry. Applications, theory and instrumentation. Meyers, R.A. (ed.), (John Wiley and Sons, Chichester, 2008) p.12447-12459.
2) Hou X.L. Neutron activation analysis, In: Encyclopedia of Medical Devices and Instrumentation, 2nd edition, edited by John Webster, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2004.
3) Hou X.L. Activation Analysis for the Determination of Long-lived Radionuclides, In: Radionuclides Analysis, Povinec, P.P. (ed.), (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2007) (Radioactivity in the Environment, 11) p.371-405.
4) Hou X.L. Isotopes of iodine in thyroid and urine, Comprehensive Handbook of Iodine, Academic Press (Elsevier), 2009.
5) Hou X.L. Speciation of iodine in foodstuff, biological tissues and environmental samples, Comprehensive Handbook of Iodine, Academic Press (Elsevier), 2009.
获奖统计:
1) 中国化学会 “青年化学奖” (1998)
2) 中国科学院“院长奖学金” (1997)
3) 中国科学院“亿利达奖学金” (1996)
4) 中国核工业总公司部级科技进步二等奖 (第一获奖人, 1994)
5) 中国核工业总公司部级科技进步三等奖 (第一获奖人, 1998)
6) 中国核工业总公司部级科技进步三等奖 (第一获奖人, 1996)
7) 中国核工业总公司部级科技进步三等奖 (第三获奖人, 1993)
8) 天津市科技进步三等奖 (第六获奖人, 1998)
9) 陕西省科学技术奖二等奖(第一获奖人, 2017)
10) 2019年度国际放射分析化学与核化学领域最高奖-赫维西(Hevesy Medal Award)
11) 2019年度弗拉基米尔-尔勋章(Vladimir Majer Medal)
承担的主要项目(近十年)
1) 2015.05-2020.04科技部科技基础性工作专项项目,我国环境放射性水平精细图谱建设,1050万元人民币首席科学家
2) 2017.01-2021.12国家自然科学基金重点项目,大气细颗粒物毒性组分在呼吸道的定位分布及其引发呼吸道损伤及保护/适应性反应的分子作用机制, 335万元,主要参加人员
3) 2015.07-2017.06欧盟散裂中子源研究专项Tungsten target release factor TIK8.1,  150万元丹麦克朗项目首席科学家
4) 2014.01-2015.12北欧核安全研究基金(Nordic Nuclear Safety Research, NKS) 研究项目,Standardization of radioanalytical methods for determination of important radionuclides for environmental assessment and waste management in Nordic nuclear industry90万丹麦克朗,(AFT/B(09)/11), 项目负责人(coordinator)
5) 2012.09-2015.08科技部创新方法专项,核环境安全和事故状况下的环境分析方法体系, 284万人民币,项目负责人
6) 2010.10-2015.9Monrol 工业项目 Quality control system of 99mTc eluate from 99mTc-99Mo medical generator for radionuclidic impurities, 项目负责人
7) 2009.01-2011.12中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目,运用放射性核素129I对我国环境的示踪研究, 100万人民币,(kzcx2-yw-147)课题负责人
8) 2010.01-2012.12中国科学院重要方向项目,多种宇宙成因核素AMS样品制备及测试功能开发与升级,100万人民币(KZCX2-YW-JS106)子课题负责人
9) 2011.10-2014.09欧盟第7次框架协议研究项目Rapid detection and identification of alpha emitters in the field2子课题 ”Development of advanced sampling and sample processing methods” 负责人350万欧元, 2011
10) 2011.04 – 2012.12挪威科学研究基金, 应用放射性核素示踪研究北极海水循环和初级生物产率,100万挪威克朗,项目负责人
11) 2010.01-2012.01瑞典科学研究基金会(Swedish Research Council), 瑞典-美国2010/2011南极科学考察研究项目,海洋环流的129I超灵敏示踪研究,200万瑞典克朗, (SWEDARP573/6732008-6462)子课题负责人
12) 2009.06-2011.12北欧核安全研究基金(Nordic Nuclear Safety Research, NKS) 研究项目,核设施退役和废物处置中难测定核素的放射分析研究, 92万丹麦克朗,(AFT/B(09)/11), 项目负责人(coordinator)
13) 2009.1-2011.12中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目, 超低水平129I的加速器质谱分析及其在生态和地质研究中的应用, 300 万元人民币,项目负责人,KZCX2-YW-BR-13)
14) 2010.1-2010.12丹麦科学技术研究基金研究项目(Danish Agency for Science, Technology and Innovation), Establishment of scientific collaboration with Chinese insituteions on environmental researches, 22万丹麦克朗 (项目编号09-075659)
15) 2009.6-2010.6北欧核安全研究基金(Nordic Nuclear Safety Research, NKS) 研究项目Workshop on Radioanalytical Chemistry for Radioecology and Waste Management35万丹麦克朗(AFT/B(09)/10)项目负责人(coordinator)
发表文章(近三年)
1) Zhang L.Y., Hou X.L.*, Li., H., Xu, X. A 60-year record of 129I in Taal Lake sediments (Philippines): Influence of human nuclear activities at low latitude region. Chemosphere. 2018, 193:1149–1156.
2) Markovic N., Roos P., Hou X.L., Nielsen P.  Calibration of HPGe-HPGe coincidence spectrometer through performing standardization of I-125 activity by X-ray-gamma coincidence spectrometry using two HPGe detectors. Nucl. Instr. Method A. 2018, 880:194-200.
3) Zhang L.Y., Hou X.L. Cheng P., Chen N., Fan Y.K., Liu Q. Impact of North Korean nuclear weapons test on 3 september 2017 on inland China traced by 14C and 129I. J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem., 2018, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10967-018-5747-y.
4) Markovic N., Roos P., Hou X.L., Nielsen P.  Calibration of HPGe-HPGe coincidence spectrometer through performing standardization of I-125 activity by X-ray-gamma coincidence spectrometry using two HPGe detectors. Nucl. Instr. Method A. 2018, 880:194-200.
5) Xing S., Hou X.L.*, Aldahan A., Possernet G., Shi K.L., Yi P., Zhou W.J. Water circulation and marine environment in the Antarctic traced by speciation of 129I and 127I. Sci. Rep. 2017, 7:7726, DOI:10.1038/s41598-017-07765-w.
6) Wang J.L., Baskaran M., Hou X.L., Du J.Z., Zhang J. Historical changes in 239Pu and 240Pu sources in sedimentary records in the East China Sea: Implications for provenance and transporation. Earth Planet. Sci., 2017, 466:32-42.
7) Qiao J.X., Steier P., Nielsen S.P., Hou X.L., Roos P., Golser R. Anthropogenic 236U in Danish seawater: Global fallout versus reprocessing discharge. Environ. Sci. Technol., 2017, 51:6867-6876.
8) Hou X.L.* Determination of radionuclidic impurities in 99mTc eluate from 99Mo/99mTc generator for quality control. J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem., 2017, 314(2):  DOI: 10.1007/s10967-017-5369-9.
9) Chen B.Y., Xu S., Cook G.T., Freeman S.P.H.T., Hou X.L., Liu C.Q., Naysmith P., Yamaguchi K. Local variance of atmospheric 14C concentrations around Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant from 2010 to 2012, J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem., 2017, DOI 10.1007/s10967-017-5459-8.
10) Xing S. Hou X.L.*, Aldahan A., Possnert G. Speciation analysis of 129I in seawater using coprecipitation and accelerator mass spectrometry, J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem., 2017, 311:833-841.
11) Shi K.L., Hou X.L.*, Qiao J.X., Sun X.J., Roos P., Wu W.S. Analytical of technitium species and fractions in natural seaweed using biochemical separation and ICP-MS measurement, Anal. Chem., 2016, 88:11931-11937.
12) Hou, X.L*, Wang, Y.Y. Determination of ultra-low level 129I in vegetation using pyrolysis for iodine separation and accelerator mass spectrometry measurement. J. Anal. At. Spectrom., 2016, 31:1298-1310.
13) Liu D., Hou X.L.*, Du J.Z., Zhang L.Y., Zhou W.J. I-129 and its species in the East China Sea: level, distribution, sources and tracing water masses exchange and movement. Scientific Reports, 2016, 6; 36611, DOI: 10.1038/srep36611.
14) Xu S., Cook G.T., Cresswell A.J., Dunbar E., Freeman S.P.H.T., Hou X.L., Jacobsson P., Kinch H.R., Naysmith P., Sanderson D.C.M., Tripney B.G. Radiocarbon Releases from the 2011 Fukushima Nuclear Accident. Scientific Reports, 2016, 6; 36947, DOI: 10.1038/srep36947.
15) Hou, X.L.* Olsson M., Togneri L., Englund S., Vaaramaa K., Askeljung GC., Gottfridsson O., et al., Present status and perspective of radiochemical analysis of radionuclides in Nordic countries, J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem., 2016, 309(3): 1283-1319.
16) Zhang, L.Y., Hou, X.L.*, Xu, S., Speciation of 127I and 129I in atmospheric aerosols at Ris?, Denmark: Insight into sources of iodine isotopes and their species transformations. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 2016, 16:1971–1985.
17) He P., Aldahan A., Hou X.L., Possnert G. Tracing variability in the iodine isotopes and species along surface water transect from the North Sea to the Canary Islands, J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem., 2016, 307:1407-1412.
18) Liu Q., Zhao X.L., Hou X.L., Burr G., Zhou W.J., Fu Y.C., Chen N., Zhang L.Y., Preliminary Investigation on the Rapid and Direct AMS Measurement of I-129 in Environmental Samples without Chemical Separation. Radiocarbon, 2016, 58:147-156.
19) Xu S., Zhang L.Y., Freeman S.P.H.T., Hou X.L., Watanabe A., Sanderson D.C.M., Cresswell A., Yamaguchi K. Iodine isotopes in precipitation: Four-year time series variations before and after 2011 Fukushima nuclear accident. J. Environ. Radioact. 2016, 155:38-45.
20) Xu S., Cook G.T., Cresswell A.J., Alan J., Dunbar E., Freeman S.P.H.T., Hastie H., Hou X.L., Jacobsson P., Naysmith P., Sanderson D.C.M., Tripney B.G., Yamaguchi K., C-14 levels in the vicinity of the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant prior to the 2011 accident. J. Environ. Radioact, 2016, 157:90-96.
21) Fan Y.K., Hou X.L.*, Zhou W.J., Liu G.S. 129I record of nuclear activities in marine sediment core from Jiaozhou Bay, China, J. Environ. Radioact., 2016, 154:15-24.
22) Chen J., Liu D.Y., Peng P.A., Chen N., Hou X.L., Zhang B.S., Xiao Z.Y. Iodine-129 chrological study of brines from an Ordovician paleokarst reservioir in the Lunnan oilfield, Tarim Basin. Appl. Geochem., 2016, 65:14-21.
23) Ezerinskis Z., Hou X.L., Druteikiene R., Puzas A., Sapolaite J., Gvozdaite R., Gudelis A., Buivydas S., Remeikis V. Distribution and source of 129I, 239,240Pu, 137Cs in the environment of Lithuania, J. Environ. Radioact., 2016, 151:166-173.
24) Xu S., Cook G.T., Cresswell A.J., Alan J., Dunbar E., Freeman S.P.H.T., Stewart P.H.T., Hou X.L., Kinch H., Naysmith P., Sanderson D.C.M., Zhang L.Y., Carbon, cesium and iodine isotopes in Japanese cedar leaves from Iwaki, Fukushima, J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem., 2016, 310(2): 927-934.
25) Xu S., Zhang L.Y., Freeman S.P.H.T., Hou X.L., Yamaguchi K., Cresswell A., Alan J., Sanderson D.C.M. 129I and 137Cs in groundwater in the vicinity of Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant. Geochical Journal, 2016, 50(3):287-291.
26) Zheng M. J., Murad A., Zhou X. D., Yi P., Alshamsi D., Hussein S., Chen L.F., Hou X.L., Aldahan A., Yu Z. B.  Distribution and sources of 226Ra in groundwater of arid region. J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem., 2016, 309(2):667-675.

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